The increasing mobility of the European workforce in recent years can be noticed through an increase in the number of individuals applying to UK NARIC from Western Europe. In 2008, the region accounted for 8.5% of applications; in 2011, the figure had risen to 13.5%. The total number of applications from the region exceeded 5,000, similar to the total from India or Pakistan.
The number of assessments we have undertaken for applicants from these countries (plus the overall ranking) over the past four years highlights some interesting points:
In 2009, UK NARIC began providing a comparable academic level for some UK professional qualifications, in response to the number of these awards being sent through.
It has been reported that the financial troubles besetting certain European economies have led increasing numbers of highly qualified individuals to seek employment outside of their own countries. These figures appear to confirm this trend. Taking a closer look at the number of individuals applying for assessments from those countries that have been hardest hit by the economic downturn better highlights the increases:
|W. Europe Total||3,647||5,050||+ 38%|
Only Portugal shows a decline while Greece, Ireland, Italy and Spain show significant increases. By contrast, applications from other major European countries such as France, Germany and Netherlands have remained steady or declined slightly.
Qualification level of migrants
Spain, Italy and Ireland are significant source countries, all of them within the top 25 in the County League table. They have all seen a significant rise in the number of applications they generate. A breakdown of the level of qualifications submitted from these countries during 2011 is shown below:
|Spain (766)||Italy (647)||Ireland (442)||Global|
|Below Level 3 on the UK Qualifications Framework (QCF)||Título de Graduada en Educación Secundaria, Bachillerato Unificado y Polivalente (BUP)||20%||Diploma di Maestro d`Arte, Attestato di Qualifica Professionale – Special- izzazione Estetista||11%||Leaving Certificate, Junior Certificate||27%||23%|
|A level and Sub-Degree Equivalents (QCF Levels 3, 4 and 5)||Maestra, Especialidad de Educación Musical, Técnica Superior en Información y Comercial- ización Turística||35%||Diploma di Esame di Stato, Diploma di Infermiere Professionale (Nursing)||35%||National Diploma in Design in Interior Architecture, Higher Certificate in Engineering||33%||25%|
|British Bachelor level||Título de Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto||23%||Laurea, Laurea in Ingegneria||35%||Bachelor of Science, Higher Diploma in Arts||29%||34%|
|Postgraduate||Máster en Físcia Aplicada, Máster Universitario en Profesor/a de Educación Secundaria||2%||Diploma di Special- izzazione per L`Insegna-
mento Secondario, Diploma di Specialista in Medicina Interna: Medicina d`Urgenza
|17%||Master of Science, Certificate of Membership / Associate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland||5%||10%|
|No comparison available||20%||2%||7%||8%|
The distribution of enquiries for the three countries highlights that:
- Italians coming to the UK are more likely to be postgraduates than the global average
- Irish applicants are more likely to apply with school or vocational qualifications, and
- It is not possible to provide a comparison for 20% of Spanish cases because applications were not completed or because qualifications were not recognised by the education authorities in Spain (such as the Técnico Superior en Prevención de Riesgos Laborales).
Tim Buttress, August 2012